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Where Will Climate Change Hit the Hardest?

Where Will Climate Change Hit the Hardest?

Recent studies show that countries near the equator will feel the most devastating effects of global warming.
And a growing body of evidence shows that the most severe impacts of climate change will affect and kill those who are least able to withstand them: the poor.
The impoverished people who live within the tropics or near the equatorial area particularly are the first ones affected by the rising temperature of the earth, as they receive the most amount of heat from the sun. To make things graver, their livelihoods strongly depend on natural reserves and ecological balance, such as agriculture, fisheries, and forestry.
Normal temperature range in the tropics is way narrower than those in the northern climate, the main reason why the poor living near the equator will bear the heaviest burdens of climate change. Any deviation from their normal is likely to have more significant effects.
“Summers in much of the tropics are already becoming systematically hotter, way hotter than they used to be, affecting food supplies and contributing to heat stroke, diseases, and death like we saw in India, Africa, Brazil, and Philippines just this year,” says a professor of climate science.
The effects in the tropics can be grouped into 4 areas. 1) Natural disasters and Drought 2) Public health and Disease 3) Political instability and Conflict 4) and Economics and Agriculture.
Melted ice in the Arctics resulting in rising seas in the Tropics make storm surges higher; warming oceans and feeding typhoons, hurricanes, and tropical cyclones. Increased drought ravages croplands in places like sub-Saharan Africa.
Wealthy people in Florida and Hong Kong may see their waterfronts damaged and their real estate values fall, but poor people in Bangladesh and the Philippines will see their homes and their livelihoods destroyed. Almost all animals in Africa will starve to death.

In the area of Disease, warmer temperatures and wetter months will accelerate the spread of viruses and tropical diseases, particularly insect-borne ones like malaria, which kills more than 600,000 people a year, almost all of them in the tropics, and dengue.

Political instability and corruption reduce societies’ ability to adapt to changing climate conditions. And that climate change will contribute to social unrest and conflict in tropical countries. Poorly governed countries are less able to cope with dramatic environmental shifts, and all their citizens, animals, and wildlife will suffer as a result.
 
In Agriculture,  farming is the most vulnerable sector to climate change than almost any other livelihood. This is because of extreme drought, unstoppable flooding, crop disease, locust infestations, and other ecological effects. And most people in these developing countries depend heavily on agriculture for survival. The UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has predicted the decline in the crop harvest up to 50 percent decline in staples such as rice, wheat, and corn over the next 35 years.
Studies also show that in warm aquatic regions, fishes in the tropics lose their ability to perform properly in rising temperature. This would limit their crucial activities for survival such as evading predators, finding food and shelter, and restoring their energy to breed.
 
This will have a substantial impact on the human societies that depend on these fishes. Many developing countries in the equatorial zone depend on fishes for livelihood and survival, this in turn will affect millions and millions of people in South-East Asia and Africa.
What then can we do to help? What can we do to help alleviate poverty, end hunger, clean the air, purify the water, and reduce carbon dioxide all in the hopes of saving the Earth? Forest Gardens. A food forest that will keep generations and generations stay alive and breathing. 
In Treehop, every time you shop, 10 food-providing trees are planted in countries that need it the most.